What are RBIs?
We have already dismantled five tools that help you cope with complex tasks, creatively solve problems and find great ideas: associations, empathy cards, scamper, freeriding and PMI.
Today we will talk about the systemic and an almost ideal way to solve problems using the theory of solving inventive problems (TRIZ). One of the basic concepts of TRIZ was the RBI (the ideal final result) – the situation when the desired result is obtained by itself, without additional costs.
RBIs are a way of solving problems with minimal, practically zero costs of resources. It helps to overcome the patterned thinking and formulate the best of solutions.
There are three basic RBM formulations:
- The system itself performs this function.
- There is no system, and its functions are performed (using resources).
- The function does not
In 1946, Heinrich Saulovich Altshuller began work on the creation of a theory of solving inventive problems, the purpose of which was to study and describe the mechanisms of the development of technical systems and the creation of practical methods for solving inventive problems.  The main difference between TRIZ and all other methodologies and techniques (synectics, brainstorming, the method of focal objects, morphological analysis) is that it is not based on a search of options, which greatly complicates the quick and guaranteed result.
How does the RBI method work? ?
To get RBIs, you need to consider all the elements and processes of the problem, determine the main process that needs to be improved. Ideally, it will have to be performed “by itself.”
To formulate RBIs, we must assume that the system or part of it performs the required action “independently”, without costs, without external resources. Or imagine that there is no system, but all of its functions are performed. The ideal system is pleasant to everyone, it is implemented by itself, does not require additional resources and does not spoil anything.
Why do I need this?
RBI helps to think productively. If you have learned how to formulate RBIs, your life has already improved, as you began to think in terms of an ideal result and evaluate the resources of the system in which your task is located.
The RBI is the most popular tool from TRIZ for use in everyday life and business.
Want to be happy? Write down 10 RBIs for this task. Do you want to get more money? Write down 10 RBIs for this task. Do you want nobody to get you? Write down 10 RBIs for this task. Sounds simple and works great.
What are the alternatives to this method?
- Group work. You can work with RBIs independently, and you can connect to the solution of your colleagues. It is very easy to develop and conduct brainstorming on the rules of RBIs in the company and to get a lot of strong decisions.
- “Not IKR”, or “anti-IKR”. This is a “turn” when you formulate a solution to the problem with “self not.” That is, you have to convince yourself that some element will not be able to perform the function.
How to use RBIs to solve a creative problem?
- Write down the task.
- Tune in to what you will find the solution.
- Do not be afraid to look or sound silly. It’s better to look stupid, but to solve the problem than to look smart, but not solve.
- Disassemble the problem into parts, write them down.
- Analyze what resources you have, write down the elements of the system.
- Formulate RBIs (for each part of the task, write down the three RBIs that are given at the beginning of the post.)
- Select the formulations in which you manage the elements of the system and do not complicate things.
How to fix this in practice?
Formulate up to 10 RBI variants for the next household task.
There is no garbage disposal in your house. Your neighbor on the floor each evening takes out a bag of garbage from the apartment and puts it in a common corridor. In the morning he throws it into the trash. Overnight, an unpleasant odor accumulates in the corridor.
Determine all the elements of the system first, then find the RBI using three formulations. Write your answers in the comments.